Islamic Perspectives: Understanding Jilbab Menurut NU

Islamic Perspectives: Understanding Jilbab Menurut NU

Islamic Perspectives: Understanding Jilbab Menurut NU

Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh,

Welcome to my blog post about Islamic perspectives on jilbab according to NU (Nahdlatul Ulama). In this article, we will delve into the concept of jilbab and explore its significance in the context of Islam. Whether you are a practicing Muslim or someone seeking to gain a deeper understanding of Islamic modesty, this blog post is designed to provide you with valuable insights and knowledge. So, let’s begin our exploration of jilbab through the lens of NU.

Table of Contents

What is Jilbab?

Jilbab is a term used in Islam to refer to a type of modest clothing that covers a woman’s body, especially the head, hair, and chest. It is an outer garment that is worn on top of regular clothing and is a symbol of modesty and piety. The concept of jilbab goes beyond simply covering the body; it encompasses a broader understanding of humility, dignity, and adherence to Islamic values.

Islam encourages both men and women to dress modestly, but the requirements for women’s dress code are more specific. While men are generally advised to dress modestly and wear loose-fitting clothing, women are instructed to cover their bodies more comprehensively. Jilbab is an integral part of a Muslim woman’s modest attire, alongside other garments like hijab, niqab, and burqa.

Jilbab in the Quran and Hadith

Jilbab finds its roots in the teachings of the Quran and Hadith, the two primary sources of guidance for Muslims. The Quran, the holy book of Islam, emphasizes the importance of modesty and instructs both men and women to lower their gaze, guard their private parts, and dress modestly.

The following verse from the Quran highlights the significance of modest dressing:

“And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women.”

(Quran 24:31)

The Hadith, which refers to the sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), further elucidate the concept of jilbab. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:

“O Asma’, when a woman reaches the age of menstruation, it does not suit her that she displays her parts of body except this and this, and he pointed to her face and hands.”

(Sunan Abi Dawud)

These teachings emphasize the requirement for women to cover themselves modestly, including their hair and bodies, while allowing their face and hands to remain visible.

Jilbab and Modesty in Islam

In Islam, modesty is considered a virtue that reflects a person’s inner piety and devotion to Allah. Jilbab plays a crucial role in manifesting and preserving modesty, not only in physical appearance but also in behavior and character. It serves as a reminder for both men and women to interact with one another respectfully, based on their shared values and principles.

By adhering to the principles of modesty and dressing modestly, individuals demonstrate their commitment to their faith and uphold the values of Islam. Jilbab, along with other modest garments, acts as a shield against objectification and promotes a culture of dignity, respect, and accountability.

The NU Perspective on Jilbab

Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) is one of the largest Islamic organizations in Indonesia. It subscribes to the principles of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah (People of the Prophetic Tradition and the Community) and provides guiding principles for Muslims seeking to follow the Islamic way of life. NU has a unique perspective on jilbab that is grounded in its interpretation of Islamic teachings.

According to NU, jilbab is not limited to a specific outer garment but encompasses any modest clothing that covers a woman’s body and maintains her dignity. It emphasizes the importance of choosing clothing that is loose-fitting, covers a woman’s aura (body parts that should be covered), and minimizes physical adornments.

NU encourages women to wear jilbab as a means of fulfilling the Islamic requirement of modest dress, while also respecting cultural and regional practices. It believes that the essence of jilbab lies in a woman’s intention to dress modestly, rather than adhering to specific styles or fashion trends.

How to Wear Jilbab According to NU

The NU perspective on wearing jilbab focuses on the principles of modesty and dignity. It recognizes that different regions and cultures may have varying styles and practices when it comes to jilbab, but NU emphasizes the following guidelines:

  • Choose clothing that is loose-fitting and does not reveal the shape of the body.
  • Cover the head, hair, and chest area, ensuring that the clothing is not transparent.
  • Wear clothing that extends to at least below the knees.
  • Minimize the use of physical adornments, such as excessive jewelry or makeup.
  • Focus on maintaining a humble and respectful demeanor while wearing jilbab.

It is important to note that the specific style of jilbab may vary based on cultural and personal preferences, as long as it adheres to the principles of modesty.

Benefits of Wearing Jilbab

Wearing jilbab offers several benefits, both on an individual and societal level. Here are some key advantages:

  • Spiritual Fulfillment: Wearing jilbab allows individuals to fulfill their religious obligations and reinforces their faith by embracing Islamic teachings on modesty.
  • Protection and Privacy: Jilbab serves as a shield against unwanted attention, protecting women’s dignity and providing an increased sense of privacy.
  • Respect and Identity: Jilbab helps individuals project their Muslim identity and promotes respect for Islamic values, enhancing a sense of belonging within the Muslim community.
  • Modesty and Humility: By dressing modestly, individuals cultivate virtues of humility, modesty, and self-discipline.
  • Positive Role Modeling: Wearing jilbab can inspire others, especially younger generations, to adhere to modesty and develop a deep appreciation for Islamic values.

It is essential to remember that the benefits of wearing jilbab extend beyond the physical appearance and have a profound impact on personal growth and societal harmony.

Misconceptions about Jilbab

As with any topic, misconceptions can arise regarding jilbab. Let’s address some common misconceptions:

  • Jilbab is a symbol of oppression: Jilbab is not a tool of oppression, but rather an expression of personal choice and commitment to Islamic values. Women who choose to wear jilbab do so voluntarily as an act of devotion and piety.
  • Jilbab restricts freedom: Wearing jilbab is a personal choice and does not limit an individual’s freedom. It is a means of expressing religious beliefs and maintaining a connection with Allah.
  • Jilbab is only for certain cultures: Jilbab is a universal concept rooted in Islamic teachings. While specific styles and practices may vary across cultures, the essence of jilbab is to promote modesty and piety.

It is important to approach the topic of jilbab with an open mind and seek reliable sources of information to dispel misconceptions.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some frequently asked questions about jilbab:

  1. Is wearing jilbab mandatory in Islam?

Yes, wearing jilbab is considered mandatory for Muslim women to fulfill the Islamic requirement of modest dressing.

  1. Can I wear jilbab in any style?

While there may be cultural and regional variations in the style of jilbab, it is important to ensure that it adheres to the principles of modesty outlined in Islamic teachings.

  1. Can non-Muslim women wear jilbab?

While jilbab is primarily associated with Islamic modesty, non-Muslim women are free to wear jilbab if they choose to do so for personal or cultural reasons.

  1. Can I wear jilbab without wearing other modest clothing?

Jilbab is typically worn as an outer garment on top of other modest clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts and loose pants or skirts, to maintain full modesty.

  1. What materials are suitable for jilbab?

Jilbab can be made from a variety of materials, such as cotton, linen, or silk, as long as it fulfills the requirements of modesty and is not transparent.

People Also Ask

Here are some additional questions that people commonly ask about jilbab:

  1. What is the difference between jilbab and hijab?

Jilbab is an outer garment that covers the entire body, while hijab refers specifically to the headscarf that covers the hair and neck.

  1. Can I wear jilbab with jeans?

Yes, it is possible to wear jilbab with jeans or any other modest clothing that adheres to the principles of Islam.

  1. Is jilbab only for married women?

No, jilbab can be worn by both married and unmarried women as a symbol of modesty and adherence to Islamic values.

  1. Can I wear jilbab without a headscarf?

While the headscarf is an essential component of jilbab, the specific style and coverage of the head may vary based on individual preferences and cultural norms.

  1. What is the history of jilbab?

Jilbab has its roots in Islamic teachings and has been worn by Muslim women for centuries as a symbol of modesty and adherence to religious principles.


Understanding jilbab from an Islamic perspective, particularly according to NU, provides valuable insights into the significance and meaning of this modest garment. It is important to recognize that jilbab is not merely an external piece of clothing, but a reflection of one’s commitment to Islam and an embodiment of modesty, dignity, and piety.

By embracing the principles of jilbab, we contribute to the preservation of Islamic values and contribute to a society built on respect, humility, and adherence to divine guidance. Regardless of cultural variations, jilbab serves as a universal symbol of modesty, promoting harmony among individuals and nurturing a sense of community.

Thank you for joining me on this journey to understand jilbab from an Islamic perspective. I hope this article has provided you with valuable insights and answers to your questions. Feel free to comment below and share your thoughts or further inquiries. Together, let’s continue exploring the beauty and significance of Islamic modest fashion.

Explore Amani’s Modest Collection

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Is wearing jilbab mandatory for Muslim women?
  2. What is the difference between jilbab and hijab?
  3. Can I wear jilbab with jeans?
  4. What materials are suitable for jilbab?
  5. Can non-Muslim women wear jilbab?

People Also Ask

  1. How do I choose the right style of jilbab?
  2. Are there any specific colors or patterns for jilbab?
  3. Is jilbab suitable for all body types?
  4. Can I wear jilbab in non-Muslim countries?
  5. Are there any alternatives to jilbab for modest dressing?

I hope these FAQs have provided you with comprehensive answers to your questions. If you have any more inquiries or would like to share your thoughts, please feel free to comment below. Your engagement and feedback are highly appreciated.

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